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Python programming overview

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language. It is dynamic-typed and garbage collected. Several programming paradigms are supported by python, including object-oriented, procedural and functional programming. Often, python is referred to as "batteries included", because of its standard library. The python standard library contains many script modules that help in simplifying programming and removes the need for code writing for commonly used commands.

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Common utilizations

As Python is a general-purpose language, it can be used for developing both desktop and web applications. Python is also used as a scripting language for web applications. There are many popular Python frameworks such as Django, Flask, Tornado, Bottle, web2py, and Zope.  For ajax-based applications, frameworks such as Pyjs and IronPython can be used. 
However, Python is not limited to web applications. There are various libraries and toolkits that can be used for building desktop GUI applications. such as Camelot and Kivy, as well as PyGTK, Pyjamas-desktop, and Toga.
 

Going beyond the limits

Apart from the web application and desktop application development, python is also utilized in artificial intelligence, scientific computations, and machine learning. While python is not that popular for game development, many famous video games such as Battlefield 2, Pirates of the Caribbean, and World of tanks are developed using python, directly or indirectly.

FAQs

How did Python get it's name?

But what is with this name "Python". Well, Rossum used to watch BBC TV show "Monty Python's Flying Circus" quite a lot and thus named his new programming language after the show. Quite weird, isn't it?

What are the benefits of using Python?

There are extensive third-party modules in the Python Package Index  that make python capable of interacting with most of the other platforms and languages. Python is free to use and distribute, which includes commercial purposes also. Its community is also very strong and developers all over the world contribute to it. Python's standard library contains a large number of script modules. Various high-use and difficult programming tasks are already written in these scripts. Lastly, Python data structures such as list, set, and dictionary are very user-friendly. 

Where did Python come from?

Guido van Rossum started developing python in 1989 in the Netherlands. He aimed to create a successor of ABC programming language that would be capable of exception handling. He wanted to interface it with the Amoeba operating system. Rossum had previously worked on ABC for several years. This is why python is heavily influenced by ABC.The first version, 0.9.0 was released in February 1991 and was still in the development stage. The first major version, Python 1.0 was released in 1994.

Is Python easy to learn?

Python is one of the easiest languages to learn. If you are a beginner, then python is the best choice to start with. When compared with other high-level programming languages like Java, Python is very simple and easy. One of the main reasons why Python is easy to learn is its syntax; python's motto embraces "there should be one—and preferably only one—obvious way to do it".

Which companies use Python?

Python is one of the most popular languages and it is used in so many areas. Here is a short list of companies that are hiring python developers in the USA:
Paypal, Windstream, ManTech, GenScape, Red Hat, Wells Fargo, Capital One, Citizens bank, Verizon,Cisco Systems
and many more! (Source: glassdoor.com)

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